Rajesh M. Hegde

 Professor,  IIT Kanpur

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Over the past decade, cloud computing has played a dominant role in supporting the applications we rely on today. Mobile networks have been acting mostly as communication pipes connecting users to the cloud and with each other. As we evolve toward the Internet of Things (IoT), our 5G/6G and future mobile networks must support a much wider range of applications, including vehicular networking, automated manufacturing, smart cities, drones, smart grids, e-health, and the many emerging AI-enabled applications such as Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR). The cloud computing plus communication pipe model is no longer adequate for supporting these emerging applications. For example, many IoT applications cannot tolerate the delays incurred by cloud computing. The endpoints are creating a vast and ever growing amount of data that needs to be processed locally because sending all the data to the cloud will often be infeasible due to network bandwidth constraint-s and regulatory restrictions. Connecting every device directly to the cloud can often be impractical due to factors such as limited resources on the devices, software and management complexity, limited network agility and cognition, and system scalability. In such scenarios, users will desire local services. Many resource-constrained devices will also require local services to help perform many tasks that they cannot perform by themselves. Such tasks may range from computational-intensive user applications to security tasks that require heavy processing or information that the resource-constrained devices do not have. Future mobile networks will also require computing capabilities inside or close to the radio access networks (RANs) to enable advanced networking capabilities, such as establishing radio connections more timely and adjusting radio channel coding dynamically in response to changing user needs and communication environments, and allow user applications to be hosted in the RANs that are closer to the users.


Based on our preliminary research, it shows that many new emerging services (such as V2V in Vehicular Telematics Services, Industry 4.0 and e- Healthcare Services, and manufacturing industry 4.0) could be realized and implemented easily and economically. It could be also serve as a core engine to enable many Services in Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Both of Future Research Directions and the ICT Convergence for Entrepreneurs in the area of Fog/Edge Computing and Networking will be performed in this initiative. From Technology aspect, we will propose current views on how to identify potential road blocks and then solve these technical challenges for future 6G wireless Network. Now both the Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC) in US (emphasizes Data Telecom and Services) and the NGMN Alliance in Germany (emphasizes Telecom and Applications) have been also conducting similar research for future 6G and next Generation IoT Services and Applications.